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$100M gets you the largest virtual power plant

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In Your Inbox: Highlighting how coffee grounds can be used as oil or even hand sanitizer; How mycelium as leather can be a sustainable alternative to traditional leather; Breaking down what the $100M OhmConnect round means for the future of the electric grid


Coffee Lovers, You Can Now Use Coffee Grounds As Oil

Making oil from used coffee grounds is another way to save the environment. (Image: The Kawa Project)

The Kawa Project is taking spent coffee grounds and upcycling them to create coffee oil and refined oil – both have multiple use cases, from soap and cleaners to candles. Following a previous piece on Kaffe Bueno’s business, Aaron Feigelman, the Founder of The Kawa Project, discusses more about coffee upcycling and what he is working on

How did you start The Kawa Project?

Starting back in high school, I was fascinated by chemistry and care about sustainability. I was further inspired by Revive Eco, as they were creating palm oil from coffee grounds. The two founders were baristas, and as an engineer, I wanted to figure this out myself.

At the time, I was interning at Tesla and decided to buy chemistry equipment for my garage so I could work on this during the weekends. After figuring out some pieces of the process, I went back to UCLA to finish up my last quarter. I took my research to professors and was able to find lab space on campus to continue my research. After graduation, this project turned into my full-time job.

What is the environmental impact of The Kawa Project?

30-40% of food is thrown away globally, creating 8% of total global greenhouse gas emissions annually. When food is wasted, the natural resources used to produce the food are wasted as well. Additionally, greenhouse gases case climate change. Instead of rotting in landfills and contributing to climate change, food waste can replace virgin materials used in products.

In America, roughly 3.5B lbs of coffee grounds are sent to the landfill every year. Even if coffee grounds are composted instead of being sent to landfill, the value is not reclaimed.

The Kawa Project aims to extract oil from the spent grounds. In (pre-pandemic) San Francisco alone, there were 400 coffee shops, each producing about 20 lbs of grounds per day, or about 3M lbs per year. I could take the 3M lbs of coffee grounds and extract over 400K lbs of oil and make 5M lbs of soap, shampoo, cleaning solution, candles, detergent, and more.

The catch with the extracted oil is that it can be a replacement for palm oil for particular use cases.
Palm oil is the most consumed vegetable oil in the world, and it is used in many goods and products, including food, cosmetics, and biofuels. The issue with palm oil is that it is high in demand and it can only be grown in equatorial regions. As a result, we are seeing deforestation in these regions to produce more of it.

The controversial thing is that palm oil is one of the main contributors to the GDP in these countries. The solution is a balancing act between using palm oil and its alternatives for products. However, even if we upcycled all coffee grounds into oil, we would not have enough to completely replace all of the palm oil use cases in the market.

What are the current trends in the sector? What does the future look like?

Europe is ahead of the game in terms of circular economy. The US will likely follow, just like we have with other sustainability trends. That said, spent coffee grounds will stop going to waste as we start to incentivize circular economy and accelerate innovation.

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Leather Made From Mycelium

Mushrooms might be used as leather. (Image: MycoWorks)

MycoWorks, a startup creating materials at the intersection of art, nature and biotechnology using mycelium, recently raised a $45M Series B. Their mission is to benefit the world with new materials that offer superior performance, unprecedented design possibilities and new paradigms for sustainability with their reishi mycelium (rather than leather).

Why does this matter?

  • 73% of the materials used globally to produce clothing are sent to landfil or burned at the end of their life. Additionally, less than 1% of old clothing goes on to be used to make new clothing.
  • Roughly $500B is lost every year from clothing not being worn and not recycled, and if nothing changes, the fashion industry will use up a quarter of the world’s carbon budget. On top of that, washing clothes releases 500K tons of microplastic into the ocean every year.
  • 1.2B tons of greenhouse gas emissions are produced annually from textiles production, which is more than those of all international flights and maritime shipping combined.
  • A new textiles economy presents an opportunity to deliver substantially better economic, societal, and environmental outcomes.
  • Studies show that when plants partner with certain types of fungi, they can store up to 70% more carbon in the soil.
  • Durable clothing and accessories can be derived from fungi, which has a lower carbon footprint than traditional animal hides or plastics.
  • MycoWorks is uniquely positioned to meet the consumer demand for more sustainable, high performing materials.

What’s next?

  • Funds from the recent raise will be used for a new facility to meet the demand for Reishi materials. The new plant will increase production capacity by over 10x and will pave the way for additional plants.
  • Reishi is the first and currently only material to offer a sustainable solution for the fashion and footwear industries that does not compromise on performance, quality, or aesthetics.
  • Matt Scullin, CEO of MycoWorks,states: “Our vision is to grow the future of materials. We have found partners in these investors who see the long-term potential for MycoWorks to transform many industries with our patented Fine Mycelium™ technology.”
  • Material innovation will continue to influence and impact the fashion industry, leading to a more eco-friendly and circular driven process.


Textiles and fashion are a fundamental part of life and an important sector globally. In the last 15 years, clothing production has approximately doubled by a growing middle-class population. The key to material innovation in the sector is making it accessible and affordable to everyone.


$100M To Expand Virtual Power Plant Saturation In California

OhmConnect continues to scale their deployment of their demand response software. (Image: OhmConnect)

Increase in peak energy demand doesn’t make it easy for the CAL-ISO to manage the routing of power. OhmConnect operates as the Advil for the grid when too much load is being requested by consumers grid wide. By compensating people for turning off their thermostat (HVAC tends to be the largest variable source in homes) OhmConnect has seen explosive growth in the California & now Texas regions working with utilities and the ISO directly they’ve found a growing niche focusing on being the gateway for utilities to control residential loads.

This $100M round led by Sidewalk Labs – the same firm that tried building a “smart city” in Toronto – is going to help OhmConnect subsidize and front the cost of deploying smart thermostats.

Why does this matter?

  • Working with Google in general tends to be an accomplishment, especially when they operate as the market leader in smart thermostats – OhmConnect pushes Google Products and is one of the few entities that is partnered with them
  • The investment from Sidewalk Labs to subsidize thermostat deployment will likely push even more Google Nest thermostats into California homes providing Google an opportunity to push everyone else out of this market
  • Demand response as a whole is dependent on homeowner engagement long term – OhmConnect has gamified the entire system through cash back rewards, while also proving there is a large community of people willing to sacrifice some comfort on the premise of helping the grid/community
  • Demand response is offered by many of the giants including the relatively new Uplight – which recently collaborated with Google and Consumers Energy to deploy thermostats for the purpose of demand response
  • Increased private and likely public capital following this solution to alleviate the stress the grid is facing on a daily basis (California Power Safety Shutoffs) will likely improve the comfort for the consumer and value of companies working on Virtual Power Plants

What’s next?

  • In California we’ve gotten out of the “early adopter” phase for demand response programs – OhmConnect likely has this market in California in lockdown as they are now used as part of the ISO and included in resource planning at the ISO level…
  • Demand response programs will likely be deployed US wide in order to protect the ageing grid going forward.
  • Resource management will likely be required in order to support the influx of Electrification efforts over the next 10 years
  • Electric Vehicle manufacturers will likely need to participate in demand response programs natively


Demand response is the first step of many to electrify the entire grid while also focusing on maintaining the grid during this transitional phase the grid is going through. OhmConnect, being the first into this market, will likely see strong growth in the US as others begin to approach load management as a broader market in different ways.

Writers: Swarnav S Pujari, Ian Sumner, Daniel Kriozere

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